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                            桔梗的功效與作用有哪些?可以食用嗎?

                            來源: 時間: 2019-06-12 12:17:46 人氣: 9
                             桔梗的功效與作用有哪些
                              桔梗為多年生草本,生于山地草坡、林緣,也有人工種植的,桔梗不止是開花給大家欣賞,它也是有藥用價值的,并且也是可以食用,那么桔梗的功效與作用是什么?它的營養價值、食用方法又是什么呢?下面小編為你整理了它的功效、價值、食用方法,希望可以給大家帶來幫助。
                              桔梗的功效與作用:
                              1.咳嗽痰多,胸悶不暢
                              辛散苦泄,宣開肺氣,祛痰,無論寒熱皆可應用。風寒者,配紫蘇、杏仁,如杏蘇散(《溫病條辨》);風熱者,配桑葉、菊花、杏仁,如桑菊飲(《溫病條辨》);若治痰滯胸痞,常配枳殼用。
                              2.咽喉腫痛,失音
                              能宣肺泄邪以利咽開音。凡外邪犯肺,咽痛失音者,常配甘草、牛蒡子等用,如桔梗湯(《金匱要略》)及加味甘桔湯(《醫學心悟》)。治咽喉腫痛,熱毒盛者,可配射干、馬勃、板藍根等以清熱解毒利咽。
                              3.肺癰吐膿
                              性散上行,能利肺氣以排壅肺之膿痰。治肺癰咳嗽胸痛。咯痰腥臭者,可配甘草用之,如桔梗湯(《金匱要略》);臨床上可再配魚腥草、冬瓜仁等以加強清肺排膿之效。
                              4.桔梗有鎮咳作用,有增強抗炎和免疫作用,其抗炎強度與阿斯匹林相似;水提物能增強巨噬細胞的吞噬功能,增強中性白細胞的殺菌力,提高溶菌酶活性;對應激性潰瘍有預防作用。
                              5.桔梗粗皂苷有鎮靜、鎮痛、解熱作用,又能降血糖、降膽固醇,松弛平滑肌。桔梗皂苷有很強的溶血作用,但口服能在消化道中分解破壞而失去溶血作用。
                              桔梗的營養價值:
                              1.除含糖量較高外,還含較豐富的維生素B1、維生素C以及多種桔梗皂甙、遠志皂甙、前胡皂甙和桔梗聚果糖等。
                              2.含多種皂苷,主要為桔梗皂苷,多種混合皂苷經完全水解所產生的皂苷元有桔梗皂苷元,遠志酸、以及少量的桔梗酸。另外還含菊糖、植物甾醇等。
                              桔梗的食用方法:
                              1.服后能刺激胃粘膜,劑量過大,可引起輕度惡心,甚至嘔吐。胃及十二指腸潰瘍慎用,劑量也不宜過大。
                              2.桔梗皂苷有較強的溶血作用,故只宜口服,不能用于注射;口服后桔梗皂苷在消化道被水解而破壞,即無溶血作用。
                              3.給小鼠皮下注射,最小致死量為770mg/kg。
                              桔梗的選購:以根肥大、色白、質實、味苦者為佳。
                              桔梗的存儲:炮制后貯干燥容器內,置通風干燥處,防蛀。
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